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> 2012??T91?????????? ??????????T91????

2012??T91?????????? ??????????T91????

2012??T91?????????? ??????????T91????


2012??T91?????????? ??????????T91????

T91????

????T91??????8-1240??1-200mm
????T91?????T91????????
?????????
????GB3087 ???? ?й???????
????GB5310 ???? ?й???????
????ASME SA210 ???? ?????????????????淶
????ASME SA213 ???? ?????????????????淶
????DIN17175 ???? ????????????
?????????
???????????????????????????????5.88Mpa???????????450??????????????????????????????????????????9.8Mpa??????????????450?桫650??????????????????ú???????????????????????????ù???
??????????????????
????10??20??20G??20MnG??25MnG??15CrMoG??12Cr2MoG??12Cr1MoVG??12Cr2MoWVTiB??10Cr9Mo1VNb??SA210A1??SA210C??SA213 T11??SA213 T12??SA213 T22??SA213 T23??SA213 T91??SA213 T92??ST45.8/??15Mo3??13CrMo44??10CrMo910??
??????繫??:
????
??????? ??(D) ???(S)
??ι? ?????(mm) ???????(mm) ?????(mm) ???????(mm)
??30??50 ??0.3 ??3??20 ??10??
??????????
????
??? ??? ????????MPa?? ????????MPa?? ????????? ???
GB3087 10 335??475 ??195 ??24 /
20 410??550 ??245 ??20 /
GB5310 20G 410??550 ??245 ??24 /
20MnG ??415 ??240 ??22 /
25MnG ??485 ??275 ??20 /
15CrMoG 440??640 ??235 ??21 /
12Cr2MoG 450??600 ??280 ??20 /
12Cr1MoVG 470??640 ??255 ??21 /
12Cr2MoWVTiB 540??735 ??345 ??18 /
10Cr9Mo1VNb ??585 ??415 ??20 /
ASME SA210 SA210A-1 ??415 ??255 ??30 ??143HB
SA210C ??485 ??275 ??30 ??179HB
ASME SA213 SA213 T11 ??415 ??205 ??30 ??163HB
SA213 T12 ??415 ??220 ??30 ??163HB
SA213 T22 ??415 ??205 ??30 ??163HB
SA213 T23 ??510 ??400 ??20 ??220HB
SA213 T91 ??585 ??415 ??20 ??250HB
SA213 T92 ??620 ??440 ??20 ??250HB
DIN17175 ST45.8/?? 410??530 ??255 ??21 /
15Mo3 450??600 ??270 ??22 /
13CrMo44 440??590 ??290 ??22 /
10CrMo910 480??630 ??280 ??20 /
????????:
????
??? ??? ???????????
C Si Mn P S Cr Mo Cu Ni V Al W Ti Nb N
GB3087 10 0.07??0.13 0.17??0.37 0.38??0.65 ??0.030 ??0.030 0.3??0.65 / ??0.25 ??0.30 / / 

 

20 0.17??0.23 0.17??0.37 0.38??0.65 ??0.030 ??0.030 0.3??0.65 / ??0.25 ??0.30 / / 

 

GB5310 20G 0.17??0.24 0.17??0.37 0.35??0.65 ??0.030 ??0.030 ??0.25 ??0.15 ??0.20 ??0.25 ??0.08 

 


20MnG 0.17??0.24 0.17??0.37 0.70??1.00 ??0.030 ??0.030 ??0.25 ??0.15 ??0.20 ??0.25 ??0.08 

 


25MnG 0.18??0.24 0.17??0.37 0.80??1.10 ??0.030 ??0.030 ??0.25 ??0.15 ??0.20 ??0.25 ??0.08 

 


15CrMo 0.12??0.18 0.17??0.37 0.40??0.70 ??0.030 ??0.030 0.80??1.10 0.40??0.55 ??0.20 ??0.30 

 

 

12Cr2MoG 0.08??0.15 ??0.50 0.40??0.70 ??0.030 ??0.030 2.00??2.50 0.90??1.20 ??0.20 ??0.30 

 

 

12Cr1MoV 0.08??0.15 0.17??0.37 0.40??0.70 ??0.030 ??0.030 0.90??1.20 0.25??0.35 ??0.20 ??0.30 0.15??0.30 

 


12Cr2MoWVTiB 0.08??0.15 0.45??0.75 0.45??0.65 ??0.030 ??0.030 1.60??2.10 0.50??0.65 ??0.20 ??0.30 0.28??0.42 
0.30??0.55 0.08??0.15 B 0.002??0.008 
10Cr9Mo1VNb 0.08??0.12 0.20??0.50 0.30??0.60 ??0.020 ??0.010 8.00??9.50 0.85??1.05 ??0.20 ??0.40 0.18??0.25 ??0.015 

0.06??0.10 0.03??0.07
ASME SA210 SA210A-1 0.13??0.19 ??0.1 0.45??0.65 ??0.030 ??0.030 

 

 

 

 

SA210C 0.18??0.24 ??0.1 0.80??1.10 ??0.030 ??0.030 

 

 

 

 

ASME SA213 SA213 T11 0.05??0.15 0.50??1.0 0.30??0.60 ??0.030 ??0.030 1.00??1.50 0.50??1.00 

 

 

 

SA213 T12 0.05??0.15 ??0.50 0.30??0.61 ??0.030 ??0.030 0.80??1.25 0.44??0.65 

 

 

 

SA213 T22 0.05??0.15 ??0.50 0.30??0.60 ??0.030 ??0.010 1.90??2.60 0.87??1.13 

 

 

 

SA213 T23 0.04??0.10 ??0.50 0.10??0.60 ??0.030 ??0.030 1.90??2.60 0.05??0.30 


??0.030 1.45??1.75 B 0.0005??0.006 0.02??0.08 ??0.040
SA213 T91 0.08??0.12 0.20??0.50 0.30??0.60 ??0.020 ??0.010 8.00??9.50 0.85??1.05 
??0.40 0.18??0.25 ??0.015 

0.06??0.10 0.03??0.07
SA213 T92 0.07??0.13 ??0.50 0.30??0.60 ??0.020 ??0.010 8.50??9.50 0.30??0.60 
??0.40 0.15??0.25 ??0.015 1.50??2.00 B 0.001??0.006 0.04??0.09 0.03??0.07
DIN 17175 ST45.8/?? ??0.21 0.10??0.35 0.40??1.20 ??0.040 ??0.040 

 

 

 

 

15Mo3 0.12??0.20 0.10??0.35 0.40??0.80 ??0.035 ??0.035 
0.25??0.35 

 

 

 

13CrMo44 0.10??0.18 0.10??0.35 0.40??0.70 ??0.035 ??0.035 0.70??1.10 0.45??0.65 

 

 

 

10CrMo910 0.08??0.15 ??0.50 0.30??0.70 ??0.025 ??0.020 2.00??2.50 0.90??1.10 ??0.30 ??0.30 
??0.015 
T91
????????ASTM213/A213M-85C,T91????
??????T91????????????X10CrMoVNNb91?????????HCM95?????????
????TUZ10CDVNb0901??
      T91????????%
??????? ????
????C 0.08-0.12
????Mn 0.30-0.60
????P ??0.02
????S ??0.01
????Si 0.20-0.50
????Cr 8.00-9.50
????Mo 0.85-1.05
????V 0.18-0.25
????Nb 0.06-0.10
????N 0.03-0.07
????Ni ??0.40
????T91???и??????????????????????????????????????????
????????????????????????
???????????й??????????????????????溬????????????????????
????????????????????????T91?????????????????????????????????????
???????????????????????????????????????????????????????
????????????????????????????????????????????????T91????
????12Cr1MoV???????????????20%????????????????????????????????
??????T91???к?????????????????????????????档??????????????????
???????????????е??????С??T91???????????????????????????????
???????У?????????VN???????????????????????????????????γ???????
???????????VN??????????????????????????е??????????????????
??????????????????С??VN????????????????????????????????????????
???????????????棬T91???л?????????A1???????????γ?A1N??A1N??1 100??????
???????????????壬??????????????????????????????????Ч????
?????????????????????????????????????????????????С??5%???
????600?濪?????????????????????5%???????????????????12Cr1MoV????580
?????????????????????????????????0.05 mm/a??600??????????????
?????????0.13 mm/a??T91??????????9%??????????????650?棬?????
???????????????????и???????
????????????????????γ????????????????γ??С????????????
???????к??????????Ч????
???????????????????????????????????????????á?
????2.2???????????
????T91????????????????+??????????????1040?棬???????????10
????min?????????730??780?棬???????????1h?????????????????????
?????????塣
????2.3????е????
????T91?????????????585 MPa??????????????415 MPa??????250 HB
??????????(50 mm?????????????)??20%??????????[??]650??=30 MPa??
????2.4??????????
?????????????????????????????????T91????????
???????T91????????
????3??T91??????????????
????3.1????????????????????
???????1?????????T91???????????????????????????????????
??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
????T91????????????????
?????1??T91??????????????
??????????????????????????в???????????????????????????????
?????????????????б??????в????????????????????????棬??????????
???????в?????????????????T91???????????????
????????T91????????????????????????????(?400??)???????????塣
???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
???????????????????????
????3.2?????????????????
?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
???????????????????????????С???????????????????????????
???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
??????????????????????????????????
????3.3????????????
????T91?????????????????????????????????????????????????
???????????????????????ü??????????????????淶????????????
??????????????????????????????????????????????????????й??
????????????????????????й???????????????????????ó?T91???????????
???????????????2??
?????2??T91??????????????????
??????730?????750????
???????2?????????T91?????????????????????????????????????????
????????????????????????????????????????????????
????3.4????????????
????T91?????????????????????????????100?棬????????????????
?????????????????????????????????????????涨????????????????
???????????150????????????????н???????????γ?粻???????????
?????????????100?档???????????????????????????????????????????
???????
????4??T91?????????
????4.1????????????
????T91???Ms????400?棬????????????200??250?档????????????
???????????????????????????????????????紦????????????γ?????
??????????????????????????????????????????????????????
??????????????????????????????????????????
???????????????T91??????8 mm,??0.5 mm????????13CrMo?????20 mm??
??????????????????150?桢???200?桢???250??????????С?????????J707
??????????????165??170 A???绡????21??267 V???????????2?????
????T91??????????
????????
???????? ????
?????? ?????
????/MPa ???????
????/min
????????? 1 303.8 9 9
????2 186 8 237
????3 176.4 8.3 1440δ??
???????150?? 4 421.4 8.1 1260
????5 354.8 120δ??
???????200?? 6 465.2 8.6 1440δ??
????7 482.7 8.1 438
????8 539 7.9 313
???????250?? 9 539 8.2 1440δ??
????10 600 8.0 1440δ??
????????????????????????????????T91????????????????176.4
????MPa?????150????????????354.8 MPa???T91?????????????415 MPa??
????85.4%?????200???????????????????460 MPa????????T91??????????????
?????????????T91??????????????????????????????200?棬????涨?
??????????180??250?棬????CE????涨???????120??205?档
????4.2????????????
?????????????????????????????????????????????????????
????????????T91???????????????????200??300?档?????涨?????????
????????300?档?????涨?????????λ??170??230?????
????4.3?????????????????????
????T91?????????????Ms?????????????????????л????????????
?????????80??100??/h?????δ?????????????????????????????????
????????????????????????徧???????????????????????T91???????
?????????????????????л??????亸?????????????????в??????????Σ
???????????T91???????????????100??150?棬??????1h??????????????
??????????
????4.4?????????????????????????????
????T91??????????????????????????????????????????????????
?????????24 h????л??????T91??????????????????????壬????????
???????????????壬?????????????????????????????????????Ч??????
???????????????????Ч???????????????(????AC1??)??????????????
???????廯????????????????????????????????籾???????????????????
???????????????????????????????????T91???????730??780?档
????T91????????????????1 h????????????????????????????塣
??????????T91????????????????????????????????С??5 ??/min??
????T91?????????????3?????
?????3??T91????????
?????????200??250 ?棻????????????200??300 ?棻??????????????
????80??100 ??/h????100??150 ?汣??1 h????730??780 ????1 h???????????5
??????/min??????
????5??T91?????????糧??????
??????????????????????????????????42 mm??5mm??T91С????????
???????????????????????????200?棬?????????150?棬????1h????л??
???????????750??780?棬????1h????????????С??5??/min???????????????
????????顢????顢??????????????????飬??????????????????
??????????????????Ч???
???????????????????????????A????÷??糧???????????????T91??????
????Щ?糧??ú???????????????????????
????6??????
??????T91????????????????????????????????????????????????
?????????????12 Cr1MoV???н??????????亸???????
??????????????????T91???н???????????????200??250 ?棬??????200??300 ?棬????Ч??????????????
      ??T91????????????????????????100??150 ?棬????1 h????????730?? 780 ?棬???????????1 h??
      ???????????????????200 MW??300MW ???????????????У????????Ч ???????????????Ч?档


?????????T91???????????????????????????? T91?????????????
?????????????????????????????
???????????????? ???????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

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